Principal Investigator: Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS “Burlo Garofolo”

Partner: Bioengineering Group (BioingTS), Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste


Project head: Dott. Stefano Pensiero, Prof. Agostino Accardo
Researcher: Dott.Ric. Aleksandar Miladinovic



Stereoblindness is the most common deficit associated with amblyopia; it usually occurs during the first months of life and may have a substantial impact on visuomotor tasks and locomoting safety. Early diagnosis and treatment can lead to better outcomes, yet diagnostic tests for infants are not available (most currently available clinical tests to assess stereoacuity require compliance, and so are poorly suited for screening of children). OFRs measurement is an effective non-invasive tool to assess stereoacuity in adults, requiring only minimal cooperation during recording. We hypothesise that OFRs measurement can be effectively used to screen for stereodeficiencies in children.


Aim: The aim of this study is to develop an objective test to assess stereoacuity in children, based on OFRs measurement, and to evaluate its efficacy and sensitivity.



Miladinović, A., Quaia, C., Ajčević, M., Diplotti, L., Cumming, B. G., Pensiero, S., & Accardo, A. (2022). Ocular-following responses in school-age children. Plos one17(11), e0277443.

Quaia, C., FitzGibbon, E. J., Optican, L. M., & Cumming, B. G. (2018). Binocular summation for reflexive eye movements: A potential diagnostic tool for stereodeficiencies. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science59(15), 5816-5822.

Quaia, C., Optican, L. M., & Cumming, B. G. (2018). Binocular summation for reflexive eye movements. Journal of Vision18(4), 7-7.